2005 GWS Conference Proceedings

People, Places, and Parks is the proceedings volume from the 2005 GWS Biennial Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. The book (488 pp.) is available as a paperback ($35) or on CD ($10) postpaid to US & Canadian addresses (additional shipping elsewhere). GWS members get a 25% discount off these prices. Order on-line

You can also download individual papers from the book at no charge (PDF format). Links below.


Harmon, David, ed. 2006. People, Places, and Parks: Proceedings of the 2005 George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. Hancock, Michigan: The George Wright Society.


Introduction and Acknowledgments
David Harmon


Integrated Management of Cultural and Natural Resources

The Challenges of Creating an Integrated Approach—Nature, Culture, People—for the Conservation of the Fortifications of the Caribbean Coast of Panama
Almyr M. Alba

At the Crossroads of Nature and Culture: Laboratory and Field Studies for Vegetation Management at Historic Sites
Judith J. Bischoff, Ron Dean, Jennifer K. Herrmann, Amy James, Kyle LaFollette, Steven M. O’Neill, Janna Scott, and Heather Smith

The Nature of Battle: Contesting Ideals of Ecology and History at Gettysburg
Brian Black



Wilderness Advocacy from Aesthetic and Rational Grounds: Epistemology and Ontology as Grounds of Necessity in Wilderness Preservation
Jason Bausher

Wilderness Zoning: Should We Purposely Manage to Different Standards?
David N. Cole and Troy E. Hall

Reconciling Tradeoffs in Wilderness Management: A Comparison of Day and Overnight Visitors’ Attitudes and Preferences Concerning Management of the Okefenokee Swamp Wilderness
Steven R. Lawson, Aurora Moldovanyi, Joseph Roggenbuck, and Troy E. Hall

Our Nationwide National Wilderness Preservation System
Douglas W. Scott


Exotic, Invasive, and Other “Problem” Species

Tackling Exotic Plants as a Team: Cooperate, Collaborate, and Contract
James Åkerson and Norman Forder

Prioritize Your Exotic Plant Battles: Get Focused
James Åkerson

An Assessment of White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and Feral Hog (Sus scrofa) Populations at Big Thicket National Preserve, Texas
Pedro M. Chavarria, Roel R. Lopez, Gillian Bowser, and Nova J. Silvy

Controlling Pests, Preserving History, and Using Video as an Integrated Pest Management Information Tool
Chris Ford

Regional Integrated Management of Imported Fire Ants (Solenopsis spp.) along the Natchez Trace Parkway
James T. Vogt, Douglas A. Streett, Jian Chen, Larry G. Thead, Kenneth Ward, Rufina Ward, and Jason A. Oliver

Riparian System Recovery after Removal of Livestock from Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California
Joel Wagner, Kate Roney Faulkner, Sarah Chaney, and Michael Martin


Interacting with Communities / Civic Engagement

Partnerships and Protected Landscapes: New Conservation Strategies that Engage Communities
Jessica Brown and Nora Mitchell

Resource Stewardship and Community Engagement at George Washington Birthplace National Monument
Carol Cook, Vidal Martinez, and Wink Hastings

Environmental Youth Programming in Chicago: Urban Parks Make Their Impact with Place-Based Education
Dayna Decker

Examining the Role of Community Participation in Biological Resource Management: Human Dimensions of Deer Issues in Northeastern National Park Service Units
Kirsten M. Leong, Daniel J. Decker, and Margaret A. Wild

Bringing Civic Engagement into Richmond National Battlefield Park: The Story of Lincoln’s 1865 Visit
Cynthia MacLeod

What Does the Soviet Gulag Have to Do with the National Park Service?
Louis Hutchins


Restoration and Reclamation

Big Egg Marsh Experimental Restoration in Jamaica Bay, New York
George W. Frame, M. Kathryn Mellander, and Douglas A. Adamo

Five-Year Post-Reconstruction Kingman Marsh Monitoring Project: Vegetation
Richard S. Hammerschlag and Cairn C. Krafft

Reclamation is a Long-Term Prospect: Lessons Learned at Prince William Forest Park, Virginia
Jennifer Lee

Snake River Restoration Efforts in Grand Teton National Park
Susan E. O’Ney

Native Plant Restoration at Stones River National Battlefield
John Vandevender


Sense of Place, Sense of Identity

Place Identity, Place Dependence and Place-Based Affect: Examining Their relationship to Participation in Educational and Interpretive Programs at Isle Royale National Park
Laurlyn K. Harmon, Harry C. Zinn, and Mark Gleason

Quality of Life Indicators in Two Small Towns in the Blue Ridge Heritage Area
Molly Levin

Between Utopia and Total Institution: Structural and Secondary Adjustments in the Andean Identity Market
Pellegrino A. Luciano

A Social Landscape Perspective on People and Places in Amenity-Rich Rural Regions
A.E. Luloff, D.R. Field, and R.S. Krannich

Neighborhood Park Uses by Phoenix Residents: An Exploration of Sociodemographic Differences
Louis G. Machabée, Jacob J. Oleson, and Ann P. Kinzig

Preservation and Politics: A National Park in North Cyprus
Jonathan Warner


Climate Change

How Will Climatic Change Affect Air Quality in Parks and Wilderness?
Donald McKenzie, Susan M. O’Neill, Narasimhan K. Larkin, and Robert A. Norheim

Climate Change Adaptation for Park Managers
David Welch


Indigenous Peoples

Native Plant Gathering Along the Village Chain Routes of Yosemite Genealogical Family Use Districts
Sandra Gaskell, Anthony C. Brochini, Jay Johnson, Les James, William H. Leonard, and Danette Johnson

CRITIQUE OF “Native Plant Gathering Along the Village Chain Routes of Yosemite Genealogical Family Use Districts” by Sandra Gaskell et al.
David Andrews

Anthropological Perspectives of Transboundary Park Impact: People of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, Southern Africa
Natalie Grimé

Protected Areas, Indigenous Peoples, and the Western Idea of Nature
Dennis Martinez

Evaluating Effectiveness in Parks: Does Indigenous Co-Management Make a Difference?
Joleen Timko

Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta: Understanding the Basis for Natural Resource Management
Guillermo E. Rodríguez-Navarro


Tourism and Visitor Use

Conservation Units, Tourism and Environmental Impacts in the Bragantina Region, São Paulo, Brazil
João Luiz Hoeffel, Almerinda A. B. Fadini, Micheli K. Machado, and Fabio Bueno de Lima

Making Your Visitors Count: Collecting and Archiving Visitation Data in U.S. Protected Areas
Jessica Robinson, Yu-Fai Leung, and Paul F. J. Eagles

Denali Air Taxis: Unique Relationships with the Park and Visitors
Michael J. Tranel


Cave and Karst Ecosystems

Implementing the National Cave and Karst Research Institute Vision
Louise D. Hose and Penelope J. Boston

The World Above, the World Below: The Three-Dimensional, Interdisciplinary Nature of Cave and Karst Stewardship
Louise D. Hose, Patricia Seiser, Thomas R. Strong, and Penelope J. Boston

Evaluation of Cave and Karst Programs
Kathleen H. Lavoie

Stewardship of a Hidden Landscape
Patricia E. Seiser

Vertebrate Species Use of Cave Resources in the Carlsbad Caverns Region of the Chihuahuan Desert
Thomas R. Strong


Assessing the State of Natural Resources and Resource Impacts

Hurricanes Winds, Tropical Storm Winds, and Tree Fragmentation
James N. Burch

New River Gorge Natural Resource Assessment: Methodology and Critique
Carolyn G. Mahan

A Project to Synthesize and Interpret Existing Natural Resource Information and Studies to Better Inform Park Planning in Three Northeast Region Units of the National Park System
Robert W. McIntosh

The Ecological Effects of Lock and Dam No. 6 in Mammoth Cave National Park
Rick Olson

Visual Assessment of Stream Bank Conditions at Prince William Forest Park
James Pieper

Environmental Contaminant Exposure Data and Monitoring Priorities for Wild Terrestrial Vertebrates at National Parks in Coastal and Estuarine Habitat
Barnett A. Rattner, Betty K. Ackerson, Karen M. Eisenreich, and Moira A. McKernan

Assessing the Potential Plant Community Impacts of Not Having Grazing in a Small Prairie Park
Amy J. Symstad

Nature-GIS: Unification of Nature Protection in Europe—Building a Unified Information System
Pavel Vanis


Environmental Quality and Environmental Health

Atmospheric Deposition Effects on Water Quality in High-Elevation Lakes of the Teton Range, Wyoming, U.S.A.
Jennifer Corbin, Scott Woods, and Susan O’Ney

Maintaining the Biological Integrity, Diversity, and Environmental Health of the National Wildlife Refuge System
Brian Czech

The Importance of Soundscapes in National Park Management
Bob Rossman

The Science of Sound: Acoustics and Soundscape Measurement
Bob Rossman


Resource Management Concepts and Methods

Ecosystem Management Concepts: Connecting the Dots among the Sciences as Viewed from an Integrated Science Perspective
Robert Higgins, Judy Geniac, and Jim Wood

Neoclassical Economics and the “Cult” of Economic Efficiency: Understanding the Ghosts of the Past
Lisi Krall

Using Interns for Research and Resource Management at Mesa Verde National Park: A Success Story
Sarah Bishop

Organizational Learning in Wildland Fire
Paula Nasiatka

Realizing Efficiencies through Simultaneous Implementation of Vegetation Research
Paul Petersen

Disease as a Factor in the Adaptive Management of Park Aquatic Resources
Frank M. Panek


Coastal and Nearshore Marine Issues

Is Coral Recruitment Limited by Sedimentation at War in the Pacific National Historical Park?
Ian Lundgren and Dwayne Minton

Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Sediment Collection Rates on Coral Reefs at War in the Pacific National Historical Park, Territory of Guam
Dwayne Minton, Ian Lundgren, Anna Pakenham, Jenny Drake, and Holly Tupper

Kemp’s Ridley Sea Turtle Nesting Increasing in Texas
Donna J. Shaver


Science and Management: Two Solitudes?

Basing Management Decisions on Science: How Does it Really Work?
Margaret W. Weesner

Overcoming Barriers to the Use of Science in National Parks (Session Summary)
Vita Wright

The Marriage of Science and Management: Eternal Bliss or Misery?
Robert E. Bennetts


National Park Service Museums: Innovative Legacy, Innovative Future

A Century of Innovation in NPS Museums
Ann Hitchcock

Rustic Trailside Museums and Modern Visitor Centers: America’s Most Popular Museums
Sarah Allaback

National Park Service Museum Collections: Documentation Equals Access
Kathleen Byrne

An Interpretive Media Perspective
Neil Mackay

Notable Conservation Solutions
Brigid Sullivan Lopez

Changing Ideas and Perceptions
Virginia Salazar-Halfmoon

National Parks and the Interpretive Message Since 1990
Dwight T. Pitcaithley       


Program and Operations Updates

Renewal of the U.S. Man and the Biosphere Program (Session Summary)
Susan M. Schexnayder

The Continental Divide Research Learning Center: The First Four Years
Terry Terrell

Low-Carb Planning: Challenges in Streamlining the National Park Service’s Approach to General Management Planning
Warren Lee Brown


Issues in Cultural Resource Management

Lake Mead’s Cold War Legacy: The Overton B-29
Bob Chenoweth, Rosie Pepito, Gary Warshefski, and Dave Conlin

The Freedom of Information Act and Protecting Cultural Resources
Ann Hitchcock

Archaeology and the Warriors Project: Exploring a Buffalo Soldier Campsite in the Guadalupe Mountains of Texas
Eleanor King

Developing Sustainable Design Guidelines for a Dynamic Landscape
Paul Schrooten

Fortifications: Identifying Their Significance
Milagros Flores