2007 GWS Conference Proceedings

Rethinking Protected Areas in a Changing World is the proceedings volume from the 2007 GWS Biennial Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. The book (330 pp.) is available as a paperback ($35) or on CD ($10) postpaid to US & Canadian addresses (additional shipping elsewhere). GWS members get a 25% discount off these prices. Order on-line

You can also download individual papers from the book at no charge (PDF format). Links below.

CITATION:

Weber, Samantha, and David Harmon, eds. 2008. Rethinking Protected Areas in a Changing World: Proceedings of the 2007 GWS Biennial Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. Hancock, Michigan: The George Wright Society.


Contents

Introduction and Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
David Harmon

Plenary Session Remarks
Remarks of the Director, U.S. National Park Service, at the Plenary Session on
North American Park Directors and Global Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Mary A. Bomar

The National Park Service, Education, and Civic Reflection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Daniel L. Ritchie

Engaging Diverse Cultural Groups
Dbaajmoowin: Dialogue with the Elders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
William Arthur Allen

Finding Identity with Cultural Protected Areas:
The Vevé of Afá Palma Soriano, Cuba . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Maria Ayub

Hmong Americans and Public Lands in Minnesota and Wisconsin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
David N. Bengston, Michele A. Schermann, MaiKia Moua, and Tou Thai Lee

La Vida Verde: Hispanic Engagement in Natural Resource Conservation and
Education (panel discussion summary) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Pedro Mazier Chavarria, Roel R. Lopez, Roger Rivera, Tulia Defex, Manuel Piña, Jr., and
Maria R. Gutierrez

Hispanic Leadership Program in Agriculture and
Natural Resources—Lessons Learned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Manuel Piña, Jr.

Deconstructing Myths Influencing Protected Area Policies and
Partnering with Indigenous Peoples in Protected Area Co-Management . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Dennis Martinez

Bears, Fish, Archeology, and Deferred Maintenance at Brooks Camp,
Katmai National Park and Preserve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Dale Vinson

Natural Resources: Assessment, Monitoring, and Policy
Monitoring Resources in the Fremont-Winema National Forest and
Yosemite National Park Using Satellite Imagery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Galli Basson, Cindy Schmidt, and J. W. Skiles

Developing Integrated Assessments for National Capital Region Network Parks:
An Example from Rock Creek Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Lisa N. Florkowski, William C. Dennison, Todd R. Lookingbill, Tim J.B. Carruthers,
Jane M. Hawkey, and Shawn L. Carter

Evaluation of Watershed Imperviousness Models Using
Stream Assessment Techniques in the Cuyahoga Valley, Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Kevin L. Skerl and Meg B. Plona

Rethinking Evaluation of Terrestrial Biodiversity Conservation in
Protected Areas Systems of Tropical Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Suzanne Davis

The Natural Resource Challenge: A Retrospective and View to the Future . . . . . . . . . . .84
Jonathan B. Jarvis

Whitebark Pines at Rim Village in Crater Lake National Park, Oregon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Carrie Wittmer

Determining the Disturbance Effect on Forest Development
for Use in Park Management Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Bruce Larson, Regina Rochefort, and Mariano Amoroso

How Do You Manage Your Resources if They are Being Stolen and
Sold at the Swap Meet? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Todd Swain

Invasive Plant Species
Responding to Shrinking Budgets: How to Keep Controlling Invasive Plants with
Reduced Program Funding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
James Åkerson

“Rats and Weeds and Lizards—Oh My!” Eradication of Rattus rattus and Control of
Invasive Exotic Plants on Buck Island, U.S. Virgin Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
D. W. Clark, Z. Hillis-Starr, and C. Furqueron

The Threat of the Non-native Neotropical Rust Puccinia psidii to Hawaiian
Biodiversity and Native Ecosystems: A Case Example of the Need for Prevention . . . . .112
Lloyd Loope, Janice Uchida, and Loyal Mehrhoff

Cost-Effective Mapping of Invasive Plants Using
Systematic Reconnaissance Flights (SRFs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118
Tony Pernas and Amy Ferriter

Recreation and Wilderness Management
Understanding Oversnow Vehicle Noise Impacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
Shan Burson

The “Adaptable Human” Phenomenon:
Implications for Recreation Management in High-Use Wilderness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
David N. Cole and Troy E. Hall

Dragonology 101: Understanding Dragon-Hunters and
Odonata Interactions in Wetlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132
Raynald Harvey Lemelin

Keeping the Wild in Wilderness: Minimizing Non-Conforming Uses in the
National Wilderness Preservation System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137
Kevin Proescholdt and George Nickas

Agency-Sponsored Treasure Hunts:
Providing Alternatives to Traditional Geocaching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144
Virginia Reams and Stuart West

Recreation Opportunity Classification and Challenges in
Maintaining Recreation Diversity in Thailand’s National Parks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151
Noppawan Tanakanjana

Multistage Research to Assist with Pricing the New Recreation Pass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
Patricia A. Taylor, Burke D. Grandjean, David M. Aadland, Bistra Anatchkova,
Jason F. Shogren, and Benjamin Simon

Sensing the Parks: The Importance of Sound, Smell, and Touch to
Visitor Experience at Rocky Mountain National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162
Patricia A. Taylor and Burke D. Grandjean

Drawing a Line in the Tundra:
Conservationists and the Mount McKinley Park Road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .167
Frank Norris

Restoration
Cultivating a Community-Based Approach to Restoration of the
Cache River Wetlands in Southern Illinois . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
Christopher A. Bridges, Mae A. Davenport, Jean C. Mangun, and Andrew D. Carver

Effective Resource Advising and Suppression Rehabilitation, BAER Teams,
Planning, and Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181
Sandee Dingman

The Science of Large Dam Removal:
Removing Dams on the Elwha River, Olympic National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .185
Jerry Freilich

Restoring Burned Area Fire Regimes at Zion National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189
Kelly Fuhrmann

National Park Service CD Workbook for Planning, and
Specifications for Ecological Restoration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194
Wendell Hassell, Nancy Dunkle, David Steensen, and Sarah Wynn

Formation of a Cooperative to Conduct Research on Native Plants and
Restore Damaged Ecosystems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197
Steven O. Link, Sally A. Simmons, Rico O. Cruz, and Barbara Harper

Interpretation, Education, and Outreach
Sharing a World of Resources: Incorporating Science Content in
Effective Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
Anita Davis and Ruth Paglierani

Breakfast at the Cockpit Café and Other Innovations in Protected Area Outreach . . . . .208
Christine Baumann Feurt and Ward Feurt
Great Lakes Research and Education Center, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore:

Connecting Research, Education, and Outreach through Research Internships . . . . . . .215
Joy Marburger

Using Experiential Learning Opportunities in the National Parks to
Inform Science Classroom Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219
Michael P. Marlow

Research Learning Centers: Promoting Resource Stewardship
through Partnerships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .225
Susan Sachs, Theresa Thom, Mac Brock, and Kim Tripp

Methods of Public Engagement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228
Denice Swanke

Healthy Parks Healthy People: A Broad-based Partnership Program,
Linking People with Parks for Better Health Outcomes and a Sustainable Future . . . . .234
Gerard O’Neill

Parks and Climate Change
Paleontological Parks and Global Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238
Regan Dunn, Theodore Fremd, James Hammett, and Matthew Smith

Global Climate Change: Leadership in the Pacific West Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244
Jonathan B. Jarvis

State Agency Responses to the Challenges of Climate Change Impacts for Fish and
Wildlife Resources (panel discussion summary) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .248
Amber Pairis

Opportunities in a Changing Climate: British Columbia Parks and Protected Areas . . .251
Victoria Stevens

Protecting Biodiversity in a Changing Climate:
The State of Adaptation Policies Dedicated to Enhancing the Resiliency of Biota . . . . .257
Kelly Levin

Active Management—Or Not?—In U.S. National Parks
When It’s Better Not to Manage NPS Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .263
Jerry Freilich and Philip Cafaro

Managing to Give Nature a Chance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .268
Jerry M. Mitchell

Beyond Hunting: Increasing Options for Effective Wildlife Management
in the National Park System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272
Margaret A. Wild, Therese Johnson, Michael Mayer, and Gary Johnston

Citizen Science
Using Students to Monitor the Effects of Ground-level Ozone on Plants . . . . . . . . . . . .277
Susan Sachs

Citizen Science: A Best Practices Manual and How it Can be Applied . . . . . . . . . . . . .280
Susan Sachs, Paul E. Super, and Michelle Prysby
Ivory-billed Woodpecker Searches with Citizen Scientists:

Lessons Learned at Congaree National Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .285
Theresa Thom

Assessing Public Attitudes and Experiences
Community Attitudes towards Wildlife Conservation in Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .287
Mekbeb E. Tessema, Zelealem T. Ashenafi, Robert J. Lilieholm, and
Nigel Leader-Williams

Bridging the Gap: Assessing Managers’ Perspectives of Visitor Experiences
at Canyon de Chelly National Monument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .293
Carena J. van Riper and Dave D. White

Natural Resource Management and Research
A Comparison of Wildlife Management in Mid-size Parks in
South Africa and the United States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .300
Daniel S. Licht, Rob Slotow, and Joshua Millspaugh

Environmental Contaminant Hazards to Wildlife at
National Capital Region and Mid-Atlantic National Park Service Units . . . . . . . . . . . . .307
Barnett A. Rattner and Betty K. Ackerson

The Role of Protected Areas as Bird Stop-over Habitat:
Ecology and Habitat Utilization by Migrating Land Birds within
Colorado River Riparian Forests of Southwestern North America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312
Charles van Riper III, Kristina L. Paxton, Chris O’Brien, Carena J. van Riper,
Kimberly A. van Riper, Laura McGrath, and J. J. Fontaine

The Effects of Fire on Beach Grass (Ammophila breviligulata) at
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .321
Peggy Burkman

ROVs in the Great Lakes: National Park Case Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .325
Laurie Harmon and Mark Gleason